Scutigera coleoptrata, the name for house centipedes, is a type of arthropod that loves humid, moist, and temperate regions. As a result, they’re common in homes and buildings. These centipedes have a yellowish-gray body with three dark stripes and a flattened body with 15 pairs of legs separated into segments, each team being one segment.
House centipedes are so named because they enjoy the warmth of human homes, particularly moist spaces like bathrooms, kitchens, and basements. They have long antennae and 15 pairs of tiny legs and have a fuzzy appearance. They have forcipules, which are modified portions that assist them in catching prey by injecting venom. Their lengthy legs allow them to move quickly and efficiently. A female’s last pair of legs are twice as long as the rest of her body.
The question remains, are these arthropods dangerous?
Here’s What You Need To Know
The most active time for an adult house centipede is at night. They may enter during the day, but they hide in closets and basements, making it impossible to catch them moving. House centipedes are nocturnal critters with exceptional agility and speed. They are more visible during the spring and autumn seasons when they seek food at night. Because they are not violent by nature, they rarely bite people unless provoked.
Although house centipedes have acquired eyesight and eyes, other centipedes do not, so they utilize their antennae more frequently when seeking their meal.
House centipedes are a type of centipede that belongs to the arthropod family. Chilopoda is the class of house centipedes. House centipedes reproduce swiftly due to their high rate of reproduction. Cockroaches, spiders, bugs, silverfish, termites, flies, and insects are adult house centipedes’ principal foods or meals.
House centipedes are centipedes that live in human homes. They crawl and are commonly seen in sinks, drains, tubs, and on floors and walls. Although the actual number of house centipedes is unknown, they are found all over the world.
Centipedes thrive in a wet, temperate environment. They will infiltrate a human’s home. House centipedes are solitary arthropods that forage and hunt for food in damp bathrooms, basement floors, and walls, where insects and termites primarily surround them. They mainly reside in kitchens, closets, bathrooms, and the basement floor.
The life cycle of a house centipede is somewhat lengthy. They have a lifespan of five to seven years, which is considered long in the arthropod world.
Centipedes in the house have a high reproductive rate. Therefore they reproduce rapidly. They begin mating when they are three years old. The male and female house centipedes make a circle around each other. With the use of their antennas, they attract and communicate. The male house centipede excretes his sperm on the ground, and the female house centipede fertilizes her eggs independently.
During the spring season, a house centipede lays its egg. A female house centipede lays 63-151 eggs on average. The eggs have four pairs of legs as soon as they emerge.
House centipedes have a flattened body that is yellowish-gray in color and has three dark stripes running its length and dark stripes on their legs. They have 15 pairs of soft, sensitive legs and a stiff torso that allows them to run at 0.895 miles per hour (0.4 meters per second).
Crawling, sprinting, and climbing on floors and walls, house centipedes have large fangs, which are essentially their modified legs. They’re mushy, which is one of the few reasons they’re disgusting. House centipedes communicate primarily through their antennae, as well as through touch and smell.
The length of a house centipede is 0.98-1.38 in (2.5-3.5 cm). Aside from their size, they have long legs and antennae, giving them the appearance of being three to four inches long. It’s about twice the size of a millipede. House centipedes are quick runners, moving at a pace of 0.895 mph across the floor, walls, and ceilings (0.4 mph). These are arthropods, and thethe weight of an arthropod is inexact and light.
The male and female populations of house centipede species have no different names in terms of gender. Scutigera coleoptrata, or home centipedes, is given to both males and females by scientists and specialists.
As insectivores, house centipedes eat even the most unwanted insects and pests in people’s homes. Silverfish, tiny spiders, cockroaches, crickets, moths, bedbugs, termites, and various other arthropods found in human dwellings make up their diet or prey.
House centipedes are seen to be deadly or poisonous, although this is a misconception. The fact that they are entirely harmless is something that most of us are entirely unaware of. They aren’t dangerous to humans since the venom in their forcipules or legs isn’t strong enough to bite or penetrate human flesh, but they can be hazardous to smaller creatures like silverfish.
They do not, however, pose a threat to larger animals such as cats and dogs. They may bite people in self-defense when startled, which can be uncomfortable and cause a slight swelling similar to a bee sting. The symptoms of the bites, on the other hand, fade away within four to five hours, if not longer.
Their venom has a reduced impact because it is not as potent, yet their bite may cause some harm or allergy in some situations due to its weak venom. They are not exceptionally uncommon, as they are found in almost every wet region of a home.
House centipedes are drawn to your home because of insects and bugs inside, so getting rid of them is the first step. House centipedes can be found on leaves and under rocks outside, and they usually live in wet regions, looking for methods to get into more humid and favorable temperatures. Peppermint oil is one of the things that repel them since they despise the stench.
These pests may live both outsides and within our homes, meaning they can live on the outside and inside. They prefer cool, moist environments because their respiratory system lacks a tool or mechanism for shutting down their stigma (an opening in an insect’s exoskeleton that allows air to enter the trachea). Centipedes rely on moist, cool environments to protect from the harsh cold and dehydration. The majority of them dwell outside in woodpiles, giant boulders, and even compost piles.
These bugs are a significant annoyance inside, as they may be found in practically every room at some point. They’re also prevalent in locations with a lot of water vapor. Bathrooms, basements, and toilets are examples, but they can also be found in less humid areas such as bedrooms, dining rooms, and even offices.
Due to their respiratory systems, centipedes can only be seen outside in the spring when the temperature is milder. And inside in the autumn when the weather is too chilly.
As previously noted, although being an arthropod, this pest feeds on other arthropods such as termites, cockroaches, silverfish bugs, ants, bed bugs, spiders, and a variety of other arthropods. So these bugs are insectivorous, which means they eat other insects and arachnids, which is beneficial. Another reason they prefer dark, damp environments is that they are continually waiting for other insects or arachnids to pass by so they can sting them with their poisonous sting.
The house centipede stings its victim rather than bites it, and these stings are known to be highly deadly (for insects). They catch their prey by grabbing them with their legs and injecting venom into them with their forcipule. The flattened head of this insect is known to have a forcipule, two sets of antennae, and a complex eye. On the other hand, these eyes can only distinguish between light and dark and have no true vision.
Although these pests are harmless. If allowed to get out of hand, they can become quite a nuisance. Since found all around the house, they’re bound to crawl on your bed when you’re sleeping. They can even scale ceilings in addition to crawling on your bed. It would be beneficial for you to know that these bugs are not hazardous to people in any manner, except you transform into a bug, in which case you will undoubtedly become an enemy of these arthropods.
Although the house centipede appears to be frightening and disturbing, you can rest assured that these creatures are entirely safe and hazardous. Despite their innocuous nature, their silence should not be taken for granted since this bug is capable of stinging an intruder if necessary. As a result, you should avoid seeking their problems. But, thankfully, their stings aren’t as lethal. Therefore they’re not as dangerous. Yes, these obnoxious critters serve both man and the environment.
Varieties Of Centipedes
- House Centipedes
The order Scutigeromorpha includes house centipedes, which are yellowish-brown in hue. They are initially from the Mediterranean region, but they may now be found all over the world. House centipedes have a particular body shape compared to other centipede species, with a body length of roughly 1 inch and up to 15 pairs of long, barbed legs.
They are insectivorous and can be found in dark or damp places of the home, such as bathrooms, ceilings, walls, sinks, and lavatories. Cockroaches, flies, moths, silverfish, and spiders are among their favorite foods.
As a result, they can be considered beneficial to humans because they keep pests out of the house. They may bite humans on rare occasions. However, their bite is not particularly deadly.
- Giant Centipedes
Giant centipedes are among the world’s most prominent centipede types. Giant centipedes, also recognized as Scolopendra heroes, have 23 pairs of legs. They have flat bodies and venomous claws on their forelegs, just like other centipedes. Their heads and backs are black, but their body and limbs are bright yellows. Some species, however, may have red heads and black bodies.
This variety of centipede’s colors clearly show that it is venomous. They are, however, nearsighted and rely on their antennas to identify prey. They are often located in northern Mexico and the United States, in rocky and desert areas.
- Stone Centipedes
The order lithobiomorpha includes stone centipedes. They all have 15 pairs of legs and are about 2 inches in length. Their bodies are flattened, allowing them to navigate in tight areas. They, like desert centipedes, have limited vision and rely on touch to detect their prey. They can be found under rocks and logs in temperate parts of Australia and the United States.
- Fire Centipedes
Fire centipedes are known for their gorgeous reddish rigid exoskeleton. They also spit a toxic bioluminescent chemical compound. They have 20 to 40 kinds of sharp-edged legs, depending on the size of the animal. Fire centipedes are carnivores like other centipedes and are usually found in subtropical Africa and Asia.
How To Get Rid Of House Centipedes
As pest exterminators, house centipedes play a vital role in our houses. House centipedes prey on various pests, including spiders, bed bugs, silverfish bugs, ants, cockroaches, termites, and a variety of other insects, so getting rid of them isn’t a good idea.
Even though these bugs are beneficial to humans, some people are repulsed by their existence and look. If you’re one of them, congratulations on being in the right place at the right moment. The following is a list of things you can do to get rid of this pest:
- Purchase A Bug Catcher
You may be frightened by the prospect of picking a bug like this one, but there is a solution. To catch these bugs and get them out of the house
- Diatomaceous Earth (DE)
To eliminate this insect from your home, sprinkle this white powdered product on affected areas. Even though they are likely to be located in humid places like restrooms, toilets, and dining rooms, you should sprinkle the white powder in dry regions.
- Purchase A Dehumidifier
Because these pests thrive in humid environments, those environments should be dehumidified or dried of moisture. In this instance, a dehumidifier is the best solution because its mechanism aids in drying damp regions and removing extra humidity.
The article has demonstrated that house centipedes are friendly creatures that are only there to assist us in getting rid of pests in our houses.
Easy-To-Use Centipede Killers
[products ids=”3261, 3244″]
Get A Professional
If you are suffering from a severe centipede problem, don’t hesitate to call a certified professional today!