Bed bugs are tiny parasites, reddish-brown in color, having over 90 species. These insects bite the naked skin of humans and animals to suck their blood. They can cause allergic symptoms and minor rashes on the body, turning into blisters that last for months.
These tiny, annoying insects are increasing at a rapid rate in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Experts think this is due to the lack of awareness about the resistance of insecticides developed in bed bugs. Or the increased traveling of people throughout the world over the last few years. Different strategies are helpful to control the rapid growth of bed bugs.
Many questions arise about bed bugs. What causes bed bugs? What are the steps to be taken to clear out bed bugs from your house? And where do they hide to multiply in numbers? Let’s go through the article to learn more.
The Behavior Of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are primarily night feeders, but they can also suck blood in the daytime. Their feeding period is from 3-5 minutes. Male and female bugs suck blood at least once per day for fourteen days to fertilize and reproduce. Their life cycle is completed within fourteen to fifteen days.
They travel a distance of about 20 feet to suck human blood. The suitable temperature for living conditions ranges from 7C to 45C. It means you can eliminate them if a temperature of more than 45C is provided to the places where they are infested.
How Do These Insects Come To Your Home?
Different sources lead bed bugs to your home. Some of these sources are listed below. You are bringing bed bugs to your home if:
- You travel to far off places
- Mostly live in hostels
- If you use public transport
Buying second-hand furniture can bring bed bugs into your home. They can come to your home traveling on your bags and other items. If your house has too many crevices and wall cracks, it could be the reason for the increased number of bed bugs. Close all these crevices to prevent bed bugs. Other preventions include washing bed sheets, cushion covers, and other fabricated material in touch with the floor and infested places.
Hiding Places Of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are very tiny creatures they can hide in the cervices of your beds and furniture or the walls. There are different places where they hide once they get home.
Your bed mattresses are their favorite place to live. They live in the cracks of the drawers and where the ceiling and walls meet. Even they can hide in tiny places due to their small flat body.
Why Do Bed Bugs Bite At Night?
Bed bugs are night feeders. This is the main reason they are active at night and suck on your blood when sleeping. These tiny creatures can affect your sleeping cycle badly without letting you know the reason.
Most of the time, when we wake up, we notice some rashes on our face, neck, or other exposed areas, which we think are due to mosquitoes. Beware. These rashes could be because of nasty bites.
Bed bugs are hitchhikers and can hike anywhere on your bag and other accessories. So make sure you are not bringing bed bugs home along with you.
When we wake up, we notice some rashes on our face neck, or other exposed areas that we think are due to mosquitoes because mosquito bites and bed bug bites tend to be similar. Here is the difference between mosquito and bug bites. It will help you understand and identify bug bites.
Mosquito bites are round in shape and appear as swollen bumps on the body. These are often small and are not in the form of clusters, and redness disappears after some time. In comparison, bed bug bites appear in clusters. Their bites are painful and itchy. At the time of the bite, you do not feel pain because there are chemicals in the saliva of bed bugs that cause numbness of the skin. These bites form blisters on your skin that may last weeks to months and often turn into scars.
Tips To Find Bed Bugs In The House
If you have noticed any bed bug infestation in your home, then take action to treat it as soon as possible because delaying it will give them more time to increase in number at a rapid rate.
Bed bugs are tiny insects. These tiny insects can hide anywhere in the small crevices and junctions in the house. Locating and identifying them is an arduous task. But it is not impossible. If you are doubtful about the presence of bed bugs in your home, take a torchlight and monitor your house’s bedsheets and crevices. There could be bed bugs living in your house if you notice any of the following:
- Small blood stains on your bed sheet or any fabricated material.
- Any strange smell due to scent glands of bed bugs
- Eggshells of bed bugs.
Do you observe anything similar to the above symptoms? If yes, then do not overreact.
How To Treat Bed Bugs?
The good news is that you can wipe a bed bug infestation out of your home with little effort and prevention after identifying the areas where bed bugs are. The next step eliminates them from those places.
Closing All Cracks And Crevices
Crevices, ceiling junctions are favorite places of bed bugs. So closing and cleaning crevices with insecticides and sprays will be a valuable step to reduce the number of bed bugs.
Locate the moving bed bugs in your room or house, and then use a vacuum cleaner to get rid of all these bed bugs. Vacuum your bed mattresses, carpets, and crevices of your furniture and vacuum other places carefully where you have observed bed bug infestations.
Once you vacuum the house thoroughly, there should be fewer bed bugs to lay eggs.
Steam is another effective remedy to get rid of bed bugs. If you do not want to vacuum your house, you have another option to steam your bedsheets, carpets, and cushions. Using steam is a powerful way to kill bed bugs and also prevent the rapid hatching of eggs.
Wash With Warm Water
Do not worry if you do not want to steam your bed sheets and other material. There is another way, but it will need hard work. Wash all your clothes, Bedsheets, and cushion covers in warm water and let them dry.
Using Conventional Ways To Kill Bed Bugs
If home remedies do not work for you, go for conventional methods to kill bed bugs. These methods include insecticides and pesticides, and other chemical sprays to get rid of bed bugs.
Home remedies will work if bed bugs are less in number, and this method needs to be repeated repeatedly to eliminate bed bugs.
Insecticides are the fastest way to kill bed bugs. Use insecticide sprays containing chlorfenapyr and nicotine. Other insecticide options are also available containing Pyrethroids and Pyrethrins. These are effective ingredients of sprays to clear out bed bugs. Moreover, insecticides are required in small amounts and are budget-friendly.
But there is a drawback to using insecticides. Insects develop resistance against these chemicals, and in the end, it will not affect bed bugs, and they will continue to reproduce.
Desiccating substances are another way to eliminate bed bugs by destroying their outer protective layer. These substances are highly effective, and bed bugs do not develop resistance against them.
These substances are safe to use and require to be used again and again as compared to insecticides. It will take from weeks to months to get rid of bed bugs altogether. All you have to do is monitor infested areas and treat them using the most effective methods.
Effects Of Bed Bugs On Health
How do bed bugs affect human health? Their bites can cause some allergic reactions. These allergies are commonly related to the skin causing itchy and reddish skin. Mainly it forms scars or blisters on the body that may show for months.
Frequent biting of bed bugs causes loss of blood. If blood loss is severe, it can lead to other problems like anemia. In this condition, your body lacks red blood cells that disturb your normal sleeping behavior and results in sleeplessness.
You can protect yourself from bed bugs using mosquito lotions, bed bug-resistant covers, and wearing clothes that cover your whole body.
Home remedies can effectively tackle bed bugs, but these remedies will not wholly wipe out bed bugs from your house as vacuum treatment will only clean several bugs.
Steaming and washing with warm water is also effective only for reducing the number of bed bugs but not for clearing them all.
If you happen to be suffering from a large bed bug infestation. The best solution to large bed bug infestations is usually getting professional help.
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